If you wish to maintain your eyesight throughout your life, it’s essential to keep your general health in good shape. Alongside avoiding direct sunlight and accidental injuries, a healthy diet, regular exercise, and examinations can help keep eye health problems at bay.

Regular visits to the eye doctor offer numerous advantages besides maintaining healthy eyes. Examining the lens, retina, and the optic nerve is a way to identify systemic illnesses, such as diabetes and high blood pressure, usually before any other symptoms appear. Eye exams are one of the few tests that doctors can examine the body without undergoing tests for blood, invasive imaging, or surgical procedures.

Medical Conditions and Eye Health

A large number of patients suffer from various eye issues. Many of these issues are caused by medical conditions that do not have anything to do with the eyes the initial in the first. Let’s look at various medical conditions and how they affect a person’s eyesight and overall health.

1. Diabetes

Diabetic retinopathy is a condition that may develop in those who have had diabetes for long periods and have not been treated. This condition, caused by high blood sugar levels, causes the eye’s blood vessels to leak into the retina. This could lead to severe visual loss or possibly blindness in severe instances. 

Additionally, cataracts and Glaucoma are eye diseases that are more common for people who have diabetes. You can visit a reputable facility like Allure Eyes to have your eyes checked and assessed by an expert.

2. Hypertension

High blood pressure may cause severe damage to blood vessels in the same way high blood sugar could. Due to the thickening of the retinal blood vessels caused by hypertension, less blood can be delivered to the retina.

The accumulation of fluid under the retina, damage to the optic nerve, and macular edema could result from a lack of blood circulation to the eyes. Hypertensive retinal retinopathy is the term used in medicine to describe this condition.

3. Multiple Sclerosis

The immune system targets the myelin sheath that protects the optic nerve and allows the quick and precise transfer of signals from the eye to the brain. The optic nerve is inflamed, and rapid loss of vision results due to the disruption in signaling. Optic neuritis is the medical name used to describe this type of condition.

The signs of this disorder are eye movements that are difficult without discomfort, blurred vision, blurred vision and a gap in your vision, a headache, and, in the extreme, blindness.

4. Autoimmune Conditions

Eyes are susceptible to an array of diseases of the autoimmune system. The immune system can attack its tissues, as is evident in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Autoimmune diseases typically manifest at the beginning with symptoms that affect the eyes.

At first, patients’ eyes might be itchy, red, and dry. Eye pain may be felt or sensitivity to light changes in the quality of vision, or even loss of vision if the condition isn’t detected or treated.

5. Thyroid Disease

In the case of a hyperactive thyroid, like Graves’ disease, the antibodies are also directed at the cells of the eye area since their receptors are similar to thyroid cell receptors. Graves is a disease that affects the eyes and causes the condition known as orbitopathy or ophthalmopathy.

After an eye examination, the symptoms of the diseases mentioned above include eye itching or blurred vision, eyes that are swollen, redness and inflammation of the conjunctiva, and proptosis. Optic nerve compression and inability to completely shut the eyes, corneal lesion, and, in the most extreme cases, blindness may result from the condition.